|Alvar Aalto 1898-1976 Finland |
Born in Kuortane, Finland, Alvar Aalto studied architecture at the Technical University of Helsinki from 1916 to 1921. Initially worked as an exhibition designer and later turned to architecture and furniture design in 1923 and 1925 respectively. He became a member of the Congrès Internationaux dArchitecture Moderne in 1928. In 1929 with Otto Korhonen he established an experimental plywood workshop in Turku. In 1935, he founded a furniture design company, Artek, with Harry and Marie Gullichsen and in the same year patented a cantilevered chair support made of wood. Aaltos work was shown to great acclaim in London at the exhibition of Finnish design held at Fortnum and Mason in 1933, at the Paris 1937 Exhibition and the New York 1939 World Fair. In 1957, he was awarded a gold metal by the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA).
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